Last changed 17 Dec 2023 ............... Length about 8,000 words (85,000 bytes).
(This document started on 25 Feb 2010.) This is a WWW document maintained by Steve Draper, installed at You may copy it. How to refer to it.

Web site logical path: [] [~steve] [courses] [CERE main page] [this page] [Chi's refs] [AnnBrown's refs] [Howe's refs] [Johnstone's refs]
[Vyg citing] [Condition-action rules]

CERE reading list

Stephen W. Draper,   Department of Psychology,   University of Glasgow.

This page may be further updated but is a largely complete set of refs for CERE, although it contains some that relate to topics that won't be covered in CERE. It has far more than you can read, but most items have a note against them on the subject of the paper, so you can find things related to a given topic.

See also the CERE course page for other/short pieces related to a) Perry's approach b) Deep and surface learning; c) Laurillard's model.

Main ref list for CERE

Abercrombie,M.L.J. (1960) The anatomy of judgement: An investigation into the processes of perception and reasoning (Free association books: London). [Peer effects in learning. This (small) book concerns one original learning design.]

Abrami,P.C., Leventhal,L. & Perry,R.P. (1982) "Educational Seduction" Review of Educational Research vol.52 no.3 pp.446-464 doi:10.3102/00346543052003446 [on Dr. Fox type experiments]

Adey,P. various papers; including also joint papers with Shayer and others. [The chief interest is the Adey & Shayer "CASE" cognitive acceleration programme, trialled in many UK schools over a long period, based on Piagetian theory. This demonstrated that this abstract additional coaching increased the learning children did in other lessons as measured by external exams. Effect sizes of 0.44 - 0.96 Adey(2004) ]

  1. Adey,P.S. & Shayer,M. (1990) "Accelerating the development of formal thinking in middle and high school students" J. of research in science teaching vol.27 no.3 pp.267-285 doi:10.1002/tea.3660270309
  2. Shayer,M. & Adey,P.S. (1992) "Accelerating the development of formal thinking in middle and high school students, II: post-project effects on science achievement" J. of research in science teaching vol.29 no.1 pp.81-92 doi:10.1002/tea.3660290108
  3. Shayer,M. & Adey,P.S. (1992) "Accelerating the development of formal thinking in middle and high school students, III: Testing the Permanency of Effects" J. of research in science teaching vol.29 no.10 pp.1101-1115 doi:10.1002/tea.3660291007
  4. Shayer,M. & Adey,P.S. (1993) "Accelerating the development of formal thinking in middle and high school students, IV: Three Years after a Two-Year Intervention" J. of research in science teaching vol.30 no.4 pp.351-366 doi:10.1002/tea.3660300404
  5. Adey, P. & Shayer, M. (1993) "An exploration of long-term far-transfer effects following an extended intervention programme in the high school science curriculum" Cognition and instruction vol.11 no.1 pp.1-29 doi:10.1207/s1532690xci1101_1

Ambady, N. & Rosenthal, R. (1993) "Half a Minute: Predicting Teacher Evaluations From Thin Slices of Nonverbal Behavior and Physical Attractiveness" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology vol.52 no.3 pp.431-441 [Judgement of teachers by students]

Arendt, Hannah (1954) "The Crisis in Education" PDF [Great essay: don't know whether I think it's right or wrong.]

Aronson,E. (1978) The jigsaw classroom (Beverly Hills: Sage). [Jigsaw classroom. Peer effects in learning]

Atherton, James S. (2013) "Doceo: Angles on learning and teaching at college, university and professional levels"" [A website offering a remarkably wide-ranging collection of interlinked essays about learning and teaching. It can be hard to find with search engines because the levels above the entry point given here have been pirated / damaged.]

Bacon,Francis (1625) "Of studies" and Johnson,Samuel (1753) "On studies" These are both short essays, which can be found online or in books of their essays: See a web page by me takes this idea further: Reading, Discussing, Writing. It is in effect a general L-design (learning design) that can be applied to almost any discipline.
[RDW: "Reading, discussing, writing". A learning design dictum.]

Baddeley,A. (1997) (2nd edition) Human memory: theory and practice p.336 (Hove: Psychology Press). [chick sexing: huge increase in learning speed]

Bales, R.F. (1950) "A set of categories for the analysis of small group interaction" American Sociological Review vol.15 no.2 pp.257-263

Bali,M. & Honeychurch, S.L. (2014) "Key Pedagogic Thinkers - Dave Cormier" See below, sorted as if it were Honeychurch (2014)

Barr, M. (2017) "Video games can develop graduate skills in higher education students: A randomised trial" Computers & Education vol.113 pp.86-97. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2017.05.016 (or via this link).

Baxter, J. (2007) "A Case Study of Online Collaborative Work in a Large First Year Psychology Class" The REAP International Online Conference on Assessment Design for Learner Responsibility, 29th-31st May, 2007
Available at: local copy (2, 3).     Available from this site     here. [A description of a learning design using peer interaction, not tutor marking.]

Kelly,D., Baxter,J.S., & Anderson, A. (2010) "Engaging first year students through on-line collaborative assessments" The Journal of Computer Assisted Learning vol.26 pp.535-548. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2010.00361.x [Jim Baxter's course design]

Becker, H.S., B. Geer, and E.C. Hughes (1968 / 1995) Making the grade: The academic side of college life New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. (Republished in 1995) [Hidden curriculum. Shallow learning. Do learners only pay attention to assessment?]

Beebe,B. (2005) "Mother-Infant Research Informs Mother-Infant Treatment" Psychoanalytic Study of the Child vol.60 pp.6-46. AND Clinical social work journal (2010) vol.38 no.1 pp.17-36 doi:10.1007/s10615-009-0256-7 [contingent tutoring. Beebe has published many other papers in this area]

Belenky,M.F., Clinchy,B.M., Goldberger,N.R. & Tarule,J.M. (1986) Women's ways of knowing: The development of self, voice, and mind (Basic Books: New York) [Lib: Sociology H205 BEL3 ] [Relevant to taking Perry further, and an inspiring book for its own sake.]

Benton,R. (2016) "Put Students in Charge: A Variation on the Jigsaw Discussion" College Teaching vol.64 no.1 pp.40-45 doi:10.1080/87567555.2015.1069725 [This is a recent paper about applying Jigsaw learning-design to an HE class].

Bereiter,C. & Scardamalia,M. "Intentional learning as a goal of instruction" ch.12 pp.361-392 in L.Resnick (ed.) (1989) Knowing, learning, and instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser (Lawrence Erlbaum) [2: This is exactly on an introductory point in my first lecture: about viewing learning as problem-solving and goal-based behaviour.]

Biederman,I. & Shiffrar,M.M. (1987) "Sexing day old chicks: A case study, an expert systems analysis of a difficult perceptual-learning task" JEP: Learning, mem & cog vol.13 no.4 pp.640-645 [chick sexing: huge increase in learning speed]

Biggs,J. (1996) "Enhancing teaching through constructive alignment" Higher Education vol.32 no.3 pp.347-364 Stable URL [Alignment]

Biggs,J. (2001) "Enhancing learning: A matter of style or approach" ch.4 pp.73-102 in R.J.Sternberg & Li-Fang Zhang (2001) (eds.) Perspectives on thinking, learning, and cognitive styles (London: LEA) [Argument that deep& shallow learning is not a trait]

Black & Wiliam (1998) "Assessment and classroom learning" Assessment in Education vol.5 no1 pp.7-74 [A big review] [About the importance/role of feedback from teachers to learners. ]

Bloom,B.S. (1968) "Learning for Mastery" Evaluation Comment vol.1 no.2 [all 12 pages] (UCLA CSEIP) PDF copy
also published as: Bloom,B.S. (1971) "Learning for mastery" ch.3 pp.43-57 in Bloom,B.S., Hastings,J.T. & Madaus,G. (eds.) Handbook of formative and summative evaluation of student learning (New York: Mcgraw-Hill)
and also as ch.8 pp.153-175 in B.S.Bloom (1981) (Ed.) All Our Children Learning (London: McGraw-Hill) [Mastery learning: recommended source]

Bloom, B.S. (1974) "Time and Learning" American Psychologist vol.29 no.9 pp.682-688 doi:10.1037/h0037632 [Mastery learning, Carroll model of learning]

Bloom, B.S. (1984) "The 2 Sigma Problem: The Search for Methods of Group Instruction as Effective as One-to-One Tutoring" Educational Researcher vol.13 no.6 (Jun. - Jul., 1984) pp.4-16 [Mastery learning.]

Brown, Ann (various) A list of most of Brown's publications [Jigsaw classroom implementations.]

Brown, George W. & Harris, Tirril (1978) Social origins of depression : a study of psychiatric disorder in women GU lib record=C__Rb3174480 [Epidemiology of mental (not physical) health]

Bruner,J.S., Alison Jolly,A. & Sylva,K. (1976) (eds.) Play : its role in development and evolution [73 short pieces on play]

Butler,R. (1987) "Task-involving and ego-involving properties of evaluation: effects of different feedback conditions on motivational perceptions, interest and performance" J. of Educ. Psy vol.79 pp.474-482 [About the importance/role of feedback from teachers to learners. ]

Buzzelli,C.A. (1996) "The Moral Implications of Teacher - Child Discourse in Early Childhood Classrooms" Early childhood Research Quarterly vol.11 pp.515-534 here [Teacher effects, (social) constructivism]

Carpenter,S.K., Wilford,M.M., Kornell,N. & Mullaney,K.M. (2013) "Appearances can be deceiving: instructor fluency increases perceptions of learning without increasing actual learning" Psychonomic Bulletin & Review vol.? no.? pp.- (published online 4 May 2013)   doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0442-z [related to Dr. Fox type experiments]

Carroll,J.B. (1963a) "Programmed instruction and student ability" Journal of programmed instruction Vol.2 no.4 p.7-11 [mastery learning] [I have a PDF of it]

Carroll,J.B. (1963b) "A Model of School Learning" Teachers College Record Vol.64 no.8 p.723-733 ID Number: 2839 [mastery learning] [I have a PDF of it]

Chi,M. (various) A list of most of Chi's publications

Chi,M.T.H., Bassok,M.,Lewis,M.,Reimann,P. & Glaser,R. (1989) "Self-explanations: How students study and use examples in learning to solve problems" Cognitive Science vol.13/15 no.2 pp.145-182

Chi,M., Siler,S.A., Jeong,H., Yamauchi,R. & Hausmann,R.G. (2001) "Learning from human tutoring" Cognitive Science vol.25 no.4 pp.471-533 doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2504_1 [self-explanations]

Chi,M.T.H., Roy,M. & Hausmann,R.G.M. (2008) "Observing Tutorial Dialogues Collaboratively: Insights About Human Tutoring Effectiveness From Vicarious Learning" Cognitive Science vol.32 pp.301-341 doi:10.1080/03640210701863396 [video of tutoring; peer interaction and learning; tutor effects] [This experiment had 5 conditions. Fig.2 (p.314) summarises the results, both comparing conditions, and also showing the pre/post gains for each condition. It also showed that observing a video of a good tutor was almost as good as having that tutor face to face.]

Chi,M.T.H. (2009a) "Active-constructive-interactive: A conceptual framework for differentiating learning activities" Topics in Cognitive Science vol.1 no.1 pp.73-105 doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2008.01005.x [Chi's levels of engagement / effectiveness]

Chi (2009b): see below: Craig,S.D., Chi,M.T.H. & VanLehn,K. (2009)

Chi, M. T. H., & Wylie, R. (2014a). The ICAP framework: Linking cognitive engagement to active learning outcomes. Educational Psychologist, 49, 219-243 (lead article). doi:10.1080/00461520.2014.965823 [Later version and new acronym (ICAP) for Chi's levels of engagement / effectiveness]

Chi, M. T. H., Adams, J., Bogusch, E. B., Bruchok, C., Kang, S., Lancaster, M., Levy, R., Li, N., McEldoon, K., Stump, G. S., Wylie, R., Xu, D., & Yaghmourian, D. L. (2018). "Translating the ICAP theory of cognitive engagement into practice" Cognitive Science vol.42 no.6 pp.1777-1832 doi:10.1111/cogs.12626

Chingos, M. M., & Peterson, P. E. (2010) "It's Easier to Pick a Good Teacher than to Train One: Familiar and New Results on the Correlates of Teacher Effectiveness" Economics of education review vol.30 no.3 pp.449-465 doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2010.12.010 [Teacher effects; cf. Hanushek]

Clark-Kozma debate:
*Clark, R.E. (1983). "Reconsidering research on learning from media" Review of Educational Research, vol.53 no.4 pp.445-459.
*Kozma, R.B. (1991). "Learning with media" Review of Educational Research, vol.61, no.2, pp.179-211.
*Special issues ofEducational Technology Research and Development (1994) vol.42 nos.1-3 [For a collection of papers on the Clark-Kozma debate] [technoscepticism.]

Clement,J. (1982) "Students' preconceptions in introductory mechanics" American Journal of Physics vol.50 no.1 pp.66-71 PDF [Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

Clinchy, B.M. (1996) "Connected and Separate Knowing: A Marriage of Two Minds" in Knowledge, Difference, and Power: Essays Inspired by Women's Ways of Knowing edited by Nancy Goldberger, Jill Tarule, Blythe Clinchy, and Mary Belenky, (New York: Basic Books, 1996), pp. 205-247. [Lib: Psychology P120 GOL ] [Relevant to "connected knowing" and taking Perry further.]

Coats,W.D. & Smidchens,U. (1966) "Audience recall as a function of speaker dynamism" J. of Educ. Psy vol.57 no.4 pp.189-191 [on Dr. Fox type experiments]

Cole,M. & Scribner,S. (1977) "Cross-cultural studies of memory and cognition" ch.8 pp.239-271 in R.V.Kail & J.W.Hagan (eds.) Perspectives on the development of memory and cognition (Erlbaum: Hillsdale, N.J.) [Cross cultural differences in learning]

Collins,A., Brown,J.S. & Newman,S.E. (1989) "Cognitive apprenticeship: Teaching the crafts of reading, writing, and mathematics" in L.B.Resnick (ed.) Knowing, learning, and instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser pp.453-494 (Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum)

Collis, B., & Moonen, J. (2005) An on-going journey: Technology as a learning workbench (University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands) Available Free download from [Jigsaw classroom. Student generated content. Peer effects]

Craig,S.D., Chi,M.T.H. & VanLehn,K. (2009) "Improving classroom learning by collaboratively observing human tutoring videos while problem solving" Journal of educational psychology vol.101 no.4 pp.779-789 doi:10.1037/a0016601

Crouch, C.H. and Mazur, E. (2001), "Peer Instruction: Ten years of experience and results", American Journal of Physics, vol.69, no.9 pp.970-977 doi: 10.1119/1.1374249 [EVS. PI. peer discussion. Dramatic improvement in test results]

C. Crouch, A. P. Fagen, J. P. Callan, and E. Mazur (2004) "Classroom demonstrations: Learning tools or entertainment?" American Journal of Physics vol.72 no.6 pp.835-838 doi:10.1119/1.1707018 [(peer discussion) cf.Chi's framework. Older demo of dissociation of an L's ability to explain and predict using other means.]

Cuban,L. (1986) Teachers and machines: The classroom uses of technology since 1920 (London: Teachers' College Press) [2: technoscepticism. ]

Cuban,L. (1990) "Reform again, again, and again" Educational Researcher vol.19 no.1 pp.3-13 [3: technoscepticism. ]

Cuban,L. (2001) Oversold and underused: Computers in the classroom (London: Harvard University Press) [2: technoscepticism. ]

Cutts,C., Barr,M., Bikanga Ada,M., Donaldson,P. Draper,S.W., Parkinson,J., Singer,J. and Sundin,L. (2019) "Experience Report: Thinkathon - Countering an 'I Got It Working' Mentality with Pencil-And-Paper Exercises" In acmInroads vol.10 no.4 pp.66-73 doi: 10.1145/3368563

Dar-Nimrod,I. & Jeine, S.J. (2006) "Exposure to scientific theories affects women's math performance" Science vol.314 p.435 doi:10.1126/science.1131100 [Dweck; mindset; stereotype threat]

Dewey,John (1910) How we think (New York: Heath) (224 pages) GU lib record=b2993757

Dewey,John (1938) Experience and Education (90 pages) (London: Collier Macmillan publishers) or new paperback Simon&Schuster.

Dix, Alan (1985-2023) List of publications also here.

Dix, Alan (1992) Pace and interaction pp.193-207 Proceedings of HCI'92: People and Computers VII, (Eds.) A. Monk, D. Diaper and M. Harrison. Cambridge University Press.

Draper (1997) "Adding (negotiated) learning management to models of teaching and learning" [Extension to Laurillard model]

Draper, S.W. (1998) "Niche-based success in CAL" Computers and Education vol.30, pp.5-8 [technoscepticism ]

Draper,S.W. (2008) "Learning and Community" pp.132-144 in A.Comrie, N.J.Mayes, J.T.Mayes & K.Smyth (Editors) Learners in the Co-Creation of Knowledge: Proceedings of the LICK 2008 Symposium, Edinburgh 30 October 2008 (Edinburgh: Napier University). [peer effects. Social interaction and learning ]

Draper,S.W. (2009a) "Catalytic assessment: understanding how MCQs and EVS can foster deep learning" British Journal of Educational Technology vol.40 no.2 pp.285-293 doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00920.x [peer effects. Catalytic assessment]

Draper,S.W. (2009b) "What are learners actually regulating when given feedback?" British Journal of Educational Technology vol.40 no.2 pp.306-315 doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2008.00930.x [Expectations. Feedback. Self-regulation.]

Draper,S.W. (based on M.Boden): a web page about the concept of creativity. [Creativity.]

du Boulay,B., O'Shea,T. & Monk,J. (1981) "The black box inside the glass box: presenting computing concepts to novices" International Journal of Man-Machine Studies vol.14, no.3 pp.237-249 doi: 10.1016/S0020-7373(81)80056-9

du Boulay,B. (1986) "Some difficulties of learning to program" Journal of educational computing research vol.2 no.1 pp.57-83 doi: 10.2190/3LFX-9RRF-67T8-UVK9

Dudley, Drew (2010) "Everyday leadership" (a 6 min. talk) [about how we can have a major influence on another without knowing it.]

Dunning, D. (2011) "The Dunning-Kruger Effect: On Being Ignorant of One's Own Ignorance" Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol.44 pp.247-296 doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385522-0.00005-6

Dweck: see Mueller & Dweck (1998)

Edwards,D. & Mercer,N. (1987) Common Knowledge: the development of joint understanding in the classroom, (London: Methuen)
Cf. also [Teacher effects, (social) constructivism]

Etkina,E. (2015) "Millikan award lecture: Students of physics — Listeners, observers, or collaborative participants in physics scientific practices?" American Journal of Physics vol.83 pp.669-679 doi:10.1119/1.4923432 [Outstanding paper outlining her body of work in producing her ISLE (Investigative Science Learning Environment) learning design for physics lab classes.]

Farmer (2019): see Staff & Farmer (2019) [on Patchwork text]

Feldon,D.F., Peugh,J., Timmerman,B.E., Maher,M.A., Hurst,M., Strickland,D., Gilmore,J.A. & Stiegelmeyer,C. (2011) "Graduate Students' Teaching Experiences Improve Their Methodological Research Skills" Science vol.333 (no.6045) pp.1037-1039. doi:10.1126/science.1204109 [Shows PhD students learn research skills better by teaching than by research jobs alone.]

Fincher, Sally A. & Robins, Anthony V. (eds.) 2019 The Cambridge handbook of computing education research GU library record [This is a major resource for those interested in computer science education, with 32 chapters including the eight page introduction. Chapters have individual DOIs] GU library has it digitally: GU library record

Finster, D.C. (1989) "Developmental instruction" 2 articles, in Journal of chemical education vol.66 no.8 (Aug) pp.659-754 AND vol.68 no.9 (Sept) pp.752-756 [On applying Perry. In chemistry library, in Joseph Black building?] [ Perry related. ]

Flanagan,M. (2012) website with bibliography and introduction to the concept of "threshold concepts". [threshold concepts]

Frederick,W.C. & Walberg,H.J. (1980) "Learning as a function of time" Journal of Educational Research vol.73 pp.183-194. [time on task]

Foot,H. & Howe,C. (1998) "The psychoeducational basis of peer-assisted learning" ch.2, pp.27-43 in Topping,K. & Ehly,S. (eds.) Peer-assisted learning (LEA: Mahwah, NJ) [ Peer interaction.]

Gatto,John (1991) (New York State Teacher of the Year) "The Six-Lesson Schoolteacher" Fall '91 issue of Whole Earth Review.
See also: Brett Victor piece     John Holt "How children fail"     Unschooling
[Anti-school vent, in the tradition of Montessori etc. ]

Gee, James Paul (2003) "What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy" (New York: Palgrave Macmillan) [Video games and learning. Especially ch.3 on identity and learning]

Griffith, C. R. (1921) "A comment upon the psychology of the audience" Psychological Monographs vol.30 no.3 pp.36-47 (PDF copy available from me) [Lecture theatre seating position effect]

Guzdial,M. (2013) "Exploring Hypotheses about Media Computation" ICER13 pp.19-26 doi: 10.1145/2493394.2493397

Hake,R.R. (1998) "Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: A six-thousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses" Am.J.Physics vol.66 no.1 pp.64-74 doi: 10.1119/1.18809 [EVS. Dramatic improvement in test results]

Hall,E.T. (1959) The silent language (New York, N.Y. : Doubleday & Co.) [lib: Psychology S140 HAL]

Halloun,A. and Hestenes,D. (1985a) "The initial knowledge state of college physics students" American Journal of Physics vol.53 no.11 pp.1043-1055 [Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

Halloun,A. and Hestenes,D. (1985b) "Common Sense Concepts about Motion" American Journal of Physics vol.53 no.11 pp.1056-1065 [Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

Hanscomb,S. (in progress) "Feedback and student virtues" His draft paper     My notes and reactions

Hanushek,E.A. (2010) "The difference is great teachers" ch.5 pp.81-100 in Weber,K. (ed.) (2010) Waiting for superman: How we can save America's failing public schools (New York: Public Affairs) [Importance of teachers]

Hanushek,E.A. (2011) "The economic value of higher teacher quality" Economics of education review vol.30 no.3 pp.466-479 doi:10.1016/j.econedurev.2010.12.006 [Teacher effects]

Hattie, John A.C. (2009) Visible learning: a synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement (London: Routledge) GU lib record=b2650342 [Meta-analyses of educational effects]

Hebb,D.O. (1955) "Drives and the CNS (conceptual nervous system)" Psych. Review vol.62 no.4 pp.243-254 [Effect of removing all compulsion on school children to learn see p.246]

Heylighen,F. (1992) "A cognitive-systemic reconstruction of Maslow's theory of self-actualization" Behavioral Science Vol.37 no.1 pp.39-58 doi:10.1002/bs.3830370105 [motivation, post-Maslow]

Hofer,B.K. & Pintrich,P.R. (1997) "The Development of Epistemological Theories: Beliefs About Knowledge and Knowing and Their Relation to Learning" Review of Educational Research vol.67 no.1 pp.88-140 [Review and critique of Perry, Belenky and others]

Hofstadter, Doug. (2009) video of 50 min. talk (start at 15mins)

Honeychurch, S.L. (2012) "Taking forward the jigsaw classroom: the development and implementation of a method of collaborative learning for first year philosophy tutorials" in Also (not here?), here, here and here.

Bali,M. & Honeychurch, S.L. (2014) "Key Pedagogic Thinkers - Dave Cormier" Journal of Pedagogic Development vol.4 no.3

Honeychurch, Sarah.L. (2021) The emergence of participatory learning, authenticity, serendipity and creative playfulness (PhD thesis. University of Glasgow)
[Among other things, it offers a very different view of learning which hardly considers teaching at all, nor a fixed curriculum; but one which is based on a self-governing community of learners that sets its own learning goals and its own learning activities (and selects its own IT platforms rather than having them provided or dictated by the course organiser).] (I don't know why it isn't in the university library yet.)

Howe, C.J., Tolmie, A. & Rodgers, C. (1990) "Physics in the primary school: Peer interaction and the understanding of floating and sinking" European J. of Psych of Education vol.5 no.4 pp.459-475 [Peer interaction.]

Howe, C.J., Tolmie, A. & Rodgers, C. (1992) "The acquisition of conceptual knowledge in science by primary school children" Brit. j. Dev. Psy. vol.10 no.2 pp.113-130 doi: 10.1111/j.2044-835X.1992.tb00566.x [ Peer interaction.]

Howe, C., McWilliam, D. & Cross, G. (2005) "Chance favours only the prepared mind: incubation and the delayed effects of peer collaboration" British Journal of Psychology, 96, no.1 pp.67-93 doi:10.1348/000712604X15527 [ Peer interaction.]

Howe, C. and Abedin, M. (2013) "Classroom dialogue: A systematic review across four decades of research" Cambridge Journal of Education vol.43 no.3 pp.325-356. doi:10.1080/0305764X.2013.786024

Howe,C. (various) A list of some of Howe's publications

Hunt, D.P. (1982) "Effects of human self-assessment responding on learning" Journal of Applied Psychology vol.67 no.1 pp.75-82. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.67.1.75 [ Peer interaction. Metacognition.]

Illich,Ivan D. (1970) Deschooling Society (Calder & Boyars: London) [ Peer interaction/social perspectives.]

Johnstone, Alex: a link to a list of many of his publications

Johnstone, A. H. (1991) "Why is science difficult to learn? Things are seldom what they seem" Journal of Computer Assisted Learning vol.7 no.2 pp.75-83 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.1991.tb00230.x

A. H. Johnstone and F. F. Al-Naeme (1991) "Room for scientific thought?" International Journal of Science Education 13:2, 187-192, doi: 10.1080/0950069910130205

Johnstone, A. H., Sleet, R. J. and Vianna, J. F.(1994) "An information processing model of learning: Its application to an undergraduate laboratory course in chemistry" Studies in Higher Education vol.19 no.1 pp.77-87 doi: 10.1080/03075079412331382163

Johnstone, A. H. (2006) "Chemical education research in Glasgow in perspective" Chemistry education research and practice, 7(2), 49-63 doi: 10.1039/B5RP90021B

Judd, C. H. (1908). The relation of special training to general intelligence. Educational Review vol.36 pp.2-42 [Not currently available online or at GU. About transfer and learning.]

Kapur, M. (2008) "Productive Failure" Cognition and instruction vol.26 no.3 pp.379-424 doi:10.1080/07370000802212669 [learning by failing]

Kapur, M. & Bielaczyc, K. (2012) "Designing for Productive Failure" Journal of the Learning Sciences vol.21 no.1 pp.45-83 doi:10.1080/10508406.2011.591717 [learning by failing]

Kapur, M. (2014) "Comparing Learning From Productive Failure and Vicarious Failure" Journal of the Learning Sciences vol.21 no.4 pp.651-677 doi:10.1080/10508406.2013.819000 [learning by failing]

Kapur, M. (2016) "Examining Productive Failure, Productive Success, Unproductive Failure, and Unproductive Success in Learning" Educational Psychologist Vol.51 No.2 pp.289-299 doi:10.1080/00461520.2016.1155457 [learning by failing]

Karpicke, J. D., & Blunt, J. R. (2011) "Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping" Science vol.331 pp.772-775 doi:10.1126/science.1199327 [memory and study strategies]

Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2010) "Is expanding retrieval a superior method for learning text materials?" Memory & Cognition vol.38 pp.116-124 [memory and study strategies]

Karpicke, J. D. (2009) "Metacognitive control and strategy selection: Deciding to practice retrieval during learning" Journal of Experimental Psychology: General vol.138 pp.469-486 doi:10.1037/a0017341 [memory and study strategies]

Karpicke, J. D., Butler, A.C., & Roediger, H. L. (2009). Metacognitive strategies in student learning: Do students practice retrieval when they study on their own? Memory vol.17 pp.471-479 doi:10.1080/09658210802647009 [memory and study strategies]

Karpicke, J. D., & Roediger, H. L. (2008) "The critical importance of retrieval for learning" Science vol.319 pp.966-968 [memory and study strategies]

Kirschner,P.A., Sweller,P. & Clark,R.E. (2006) "Why Minimal Guidance During Instruction Does Not Work: An Analysis of the Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching" Educational Psychologist Vol.41 No.2 pp.75-86 doi:10.1207/s15326985ep4102_1 [Anti-PBL, discovery learning, etc.]

Kline,S.J. (1995) Conceptual foundations of multidisciplinary thinking (Stanford UP: Stanford, CA) [Best, but very advanced, text on relationships between disciplines; and on reductionism]

Kolb, D.A. (1984) Experiential learning (Prentice-Hall Inc, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA) [ reflection.]

[not checked] Kolb D A (1976) The Learning Style Inventory: Technical Manual (McBer & Co, Boston)

Kolb, D.A. & Fry,R. (1975) "Towards an applied theory of experiential learning" ch.3 pp.33-57 in Cooper,C.L. (Ed.) Theories of Group Processes, (Wiley: London) [ reflection. ]

Kozma (See Clark, above).

Kuhn, D. (1991) The skills of argument (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge) [ Perry.]

Larvor,B. (2006) "Manifesto for Higher Education" Discourse vol.6 no.1 pp.225-236 [Good short piece to argue about]

[For other/short pieces related to Laurillard's model, see CERE course page]

Lawler, R.W. (1985) Computer experience and cognitive development : a child's learning in a computer culture (Chichester : E. Horwood ; New York, N.Y. : Halsted Press, 1985 )

Laurillard, D. (1993, 2002) Rethinking university teaching: A framework for the effective use of educational technology (Routledge: London). [ But only a few pages are on the model.]

Laurillard, D. (2012) Teaching as a design science : building pedagogical patterns for learning and technology (New York, NY : Routledge, 2012) [ .]

Lave,Jean (1988) Cognition in practice: Mind, mathematics and culture in everyday life (CUP) [The arithmetic book] [ social perspectives.]

Lave,Jean & E.Wenger (1991) Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation (CUP) [The schools book] [ social perspectives.]

Lave,Jean (1991) "Situated learning in communities of practice" ch.4 pp.63-82 in L. Resnick, J. Levine, and S. Teasley (eds.) Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association) [ social perspectives.]

Learning, Culture and Social Interaction [Interesting journal!] This is the first issue (2012) of this journal

Lieberman, D.A. & Remedios, R. (2007) "Do Undergraduates' Motives for Studying Change as they Progress through their Degrees?" British Journal of Educational Psychology vol.77 no.2 pp.379-395 doi:10.1348/000709906X157772 [Motivation, intrinsic]

Light,R.J. (2001) Making the most of college: Students speak their mind (Harvard UP) [Student peer collaboration]

Margolis,J. & Fisher,A. (2002) Unlocking the clubhouse: Women in computing (MIT press) ISBN 0262133989 GU lib record=b2734515
See also [Gender gap in education. CMU study of women in computing. Effect of different childhood out-of-school activities]

Marsh, H.W. (1987) "Student's evaluations of university teaching: research findings, methodological issues, and directions for future research" Int. journal of educational research vol.11 no.3 pp.253-388. doi: 10.1016/0883-0355(87)90001-2 [ A section only of this huge paper. on Dr. Fox type experiments]

Marton, F. & Säljö, R. (1984 / 1997) "Approaches to learning" ch.3 pp.36-55 in Marton,F., D.Hounsell & N.Entwistle (eds.) The experience of learning (Edinburgh: Scottish academic press) [Key chapter on deep and shallow learning work.]

Marton,F., D.Hounsell & N.Entwistle (1984 / 1997) (eds.) The experience of learning (Edinburgh: Scottish academic press) The whole book is now available free on the internet at [Key book on deep and shallow learning work.]

Maslow,A. (1965) "Self-actualization and beyond" Proceedings of the conference on the training of counselors of adults [motivation]

Mayer,R.E. (2009) (2nd edition essential) Multimedia learning (CUP) [the principle of "personalisation"]

Mayes, J.T. (1995) "Learning Technology and Groundhog Day" in W.Strang, V.B.Simpson & D.Slater (eds.) Hypermedia at Work: Practice and Theory in Higher Education (University of Kent Press: Canterbury) researchgate .docx copy

Mazur: see also Crouch & Mazur above.

Mazur,Eric (1997). Peer Instruction: A User's Manual (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ)

McConnell,J.J. (1996) "Active Learning and Its Use in Computer Science" Integrating Tech. into C.S.E. 6/96 Barcelona, Spain pp.52-54 doi: 10.1145/237466.237526 [ Active learning in CompSci]

McCourt, Mark (2019) Teaching for Mastery (Woodbridge: John Catt Educational Ltd.) [Mastery learning]

Merritt, D.J. (2007) "Bias, The Brain, and Student Evaluations of Teaching" St. John's Law Review vol.82 no.1 pp.235-287 [Dr. Fox type experiments; student biasses in judging teachers]

Meyer, J.H.F. and Land, R. (2003) "Threshold concepts and troublesome knowledge: Linkages to ways of thinking and practising within the disciplines" in Rust, C. (ed.) Improving Student Learning: Improving Student Learning Theory and Practice -- Ten Years On (Oxford: Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development) [Threshold concepts. Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

Meyer, J.H.F. and Land, R. (2005) "Threshold concepts and troublesome knowledge (2): Epistemological considerations and a conceptual framework for teaching and learning" Higher Education vol.49 pp.373-388 doi:10.1007/s10734-004-6779-5 [Threshold concepts. Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

Miller, C.M.L., and M. Parlett (1974) Up to the mark: A study of the examination game (London: Society for Research into Higher Education) The section of the report on cue-consciousness and examinations. [Hidden curriculum. Shallow learning. Do learners only pay attention to assessment?]

Miller,V., Oldfield,E. & Bulmer, M. (2004) "Peer Assisted Study Sessions (PASS) in first year chemistry and statistics courses: insights and evaluations" Proceedings of The Australian Conference on Science and Mathematics Education (formerly UniServe Science Conference) [About a really successful PAL approach]

Mitra, Sugata (various) See here for some leads.

Miyake,N. (1986) "Constructive interaction and the iterative process of understanding" Cognitive Science vol.10 no.2 pp.151-177 doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1002_2 [Peer interaction.]

Neil Mercer's work e.g.
Mercer, N., Dawes, R., Wegerif, R., & Sams, C. (2004) "Reasoning as a scientist: ways of helping children to use language to learn science" British Educational Research Journal vol.30 no.3 pp.367-385. [Motivation, neo-Vygotskian]

Morrow,L.I. (2006) "An Application of Peer Feedback to Undergraduate's Writing of Critical Literature Reviews" Practice and Evidence of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education vol.1 no.2 pp.61-72 [Reciprocal Peer Critiquing]

Mueller. M. C. & Dweck. S. C., (1998) "Praise for Intelligence can Undermine Children's Motivation and Performance" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology vol.75, No.1, pp.33-52 doi:10.1037/0022-3514.75.1.33 [ Motivation. ]

Naftulin, D.H., Ware, J.E. & Donnelly, F.A. (1973) "The Doctor Fox Lecture: A Paradigm of Educational Seduction" Journal of Medical Education vol.48 no.7 pp.630-635 [First Dr. Fox type experiment]

Nagel, T. (2012). "Sexual Perversion" ch.4 in In Mortal Questions (Canto Classics, pp. 39-52). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. GU library copy: [Nagel's theory / model of how two people form a love bond]

Newell, A., & Rosenbloom, P. S. (1981). "Mechanisms of skill acquisition and the law of practice" In J. R. Anderson (Ed.) Cognitive skills and their acquisition pp.1-51. (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.) [Learning and doing are bound together. ]

Newman,J.H. (1852/1976) [ed. I.T.Ker] The idea of a university (OUP: Oxford). online version [The classic argument for learning for learning's sake (not for getting a job).]

Nicol, D. (2009) "Assessment for learner self-regulation: Enhancing achievement in the first year using learning technologies" Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education vol.34 no.3 pp.335-352 doi:10.1080/02602930802255139 [feedback]

Nicol, D (2010a) "From monologue to dialogue: improving written feedback in mass higher education" Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education vol.35 no.5 pp.501-517 doi:10.1080/02602931003786559 [feedback]

Nicol, D (2010b) "Four recent papers on assessment and feedback with significant implications for practice" PDF [feedback]

Nicol, D. J. & Boyle, J. T. (2003) "Peer Instruction versus Class-wide Discussion in large classes: a comparison of two interaction methods in the wired classroom" Studies in Higher Education vol.28 no.4 pp.458-473 copy [Mazur's PI learning design / teaching method; EVS. PI. peer discussion. ]

Nicol, D (2021) "The power of internal feedback: exploiting natural comparison processes" Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education vol.46 no.5 pp.756-778 10.1080/02602938.2020.1823314

Nield,Ted (2007) Supercontinent: Ten billion years in the life of our planet (Croydon: Granta) p.130ff. especially pp. 131-133 and 143-145 [About changing stances on theory]

Novak, G, Patterson, E.T., Gavrin, A.D., and Christian, W. (1999). Just-In-Time Teaching: Blending Active Learning with Web Technology GU lib record=b2290861 [Just in time teaching (JITT)]

Orban,C.M. & Teeling-Smith,R.M. (2020) "Computational Thinking in Introductory Physics" The Physics Teacher Vol.58, April 2020. pp.247-251 doi: 10.1119/1.5145470

Orsmond,P. & Merry,S. (2009) "Processing tutor feedback: a consideration of qualitative differences in learning outcomes for high achieving and non high achieving students" This is an excerpt of a draft paper, that was presented at a conference (EARLI 2009), and is expected to be substantially revised and then published. [feedback.]

Orsmond, P., S. Merry, & K. Reiling (2005) "Biology students' utilization of tutors' formative feedback: A qualitative interview study" Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education vol.30 no.4 pp.369-86 doi:10.1080/02602930500099177 [feedback.]

Papert, S.A. One list of his writings
Papert, S.A. Another list of his writings

Papert,S.A. (1990) "A Critique of Technocentrism in Thinking About the School of the Future" A version of this piece was published as "M.I.T. Media Lab Epistemology and Learning Memo No. 2" (September 1990). Its content was based on a talk presented at Children in an Information Age: Opportunities for Creativity, Innovation, and New Activities (Sofia, Bulgaria, May 1987).

Papert,S.A. (1995?) "Why school reform is impossible"

Papert,S.A. "Epistemological Pluralism and the Revaluation of the Concrete" see (Turkle & Papert (1991))

Papert, S.A. (1980) Mindstorms: Children, computers and powerful ideas (Basic Books: New York). The foreword ("The gears of my childhood") is here: local copy and original web page. [technoscepticism. Fascinating book anyway, a must for future teachers. ]

Papert, S. & Harel, I. (1991) "Situating Constructionism" Constructionism (Ablex Publishing Corporation) pp.193-206. Retrieved from [defines "constructiONism"]

Papert,S.A. (1993) "Instructionism versus Constructionism" ch.7 pp.137-156 in The children's machine: rethinking school in the age of the computer (Basic Books: New York) [defines "constructiONism"]

Pashler,H., Mark McDaniel, Doug Rohrer, and Robert Bjork (2008) Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence Psychological Science in the public interest vol.9 no.3 pp.105-119 [Learning styles]

Perkins, D., & Tagler, M. (2011) "Jigsaw Classroom" In R. Miller, & B. Rycek (Eds.), Promoting Student Engagement, Volume I: Programs, Techniques and Opportunities (pp.195-197). Society for the Teaching of Psychology. [Jigsaw]

Perkins, D., & Saris, R. (2001) "Application of a 'jigsaw classroom' technique in the undergraduate statistics course" Teaching of Psychology vol.28 no.2 pp.111-113 doi: doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP2802_09 [Jigsaw]

Perkins,K.K. and Wieman,C.E. (2005) "The Surprising Impact of Seat Location on Student Performance" The Physics Teacher vol.43 January pp.30-33 doi:10.1119/1.1845987 [Lecture theatre seating position effect]

[For other/short pieces related to Perry's approach, see CERE course page]

Perry, W.G. (1968/70) Forms of intellectual and ethical development in the college years (New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston) [lib: Level 4 (Education N299 1999-P] [Perry.]

Perry, W.G. (1988) "Different worlds in the same classroom" in P.Ramsden Improving learning: new perspectives (London: Kogan Page) [ Perry.]

Phipps,Alison (2001) "Measuring performance: some alternative indicators" ch.7 pp.129-148 in M.Walker (ed.) (2001) "Reconstructing professionalism in university teaching: Teacher and learners in action" (Buckingham: SRHE & OU press)

Pintrich,P. (2003) Journal of educational psychology vol.95 no.4 p.667 [motivation]

Plimmer,Beryl & Apperley,M.D. (2007) "Making paperless work" CHINZ '07 Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGCHI New Zealand chapter's international conference on Computer-human interaction: design centered HCI 2007: pp.1-8   doi:10.1145/1278960.1278961

Plimmer,B. & Mason,P. (2006) "A pen-based paperless environment for annotating and marking student assignments" PROC.7TH AUSTRALASIAN USER INTERFACE CONFERENCE, CRPIT PRESS pp.37-44

Pollio,H.R. (1996) "The Two Cultures of Pedagogy: Teaching and Learning in the Natural Sciences and the Humanities" Teaching/Learning Issues (No.75 Spring 1996) p.3-30?? PDF [just storing this ref. here]

Porter,L., Zingaro,D. & Lister,D. (2014) "Predicting student success using fine grain clicker data" ICER'14 pp.51-58 doi: 10.1145/2632320.2632354 [Clicker data from one course. Some of it predicts final exam perf. Generalises across several types of click-qu. But may just be a test of prior k.? contrary to them asserting that early learning predicts later test perf. Data from a single course-instance. Prize may just be love of techno and tech args: not high value educ. research]

Porter,L. et al. (2016) "A Multi-institutional Study of Peer Instruction in Introductory Computing" SIGCSE '16 = Proceedings of the 47th ACM Technical Symposium on Computing Science Education pp.358-363 doi: 10.1145/2839509.2844642

Price,M., Handley,K., Millar,J. & O'Donovan,B. (2010) "Feedback: all that effort, but what is the effect?" Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education vol.35 no.3 pp.277-289 doi:10.1080/02602930903541007 [feedback]

Putnam H. (1975) "The meaning of meaning" in Mind, language and reality (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press). [Socially distributed knowledge.]

Resnick,L.B. (1989) "Introduction" ch.1 pp.1-24 in L.B.Resnick (Ed.) Knowing, learning and instruction: Essays in honor of Robert Glaser (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates). [Constructivism]

Resnick,L., Levine,J. and Teasley,S. (eds.) (1991) Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association) [ social perspectives.]

Robertson,D. & Miller (2009) "Learning gains from using games consoles in primary classrooms: a randomized controlled study" Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences Vol.1 no.1 pp.1641-1644 doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.289 [video games and education]

Robertson,J. & Howells (2007) "Computer game design: Opportunities for successful learning" Computers and Education Vol.50 no.2 pp.559-578 doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2007.09.020 [video games and education]

Robinson,Ken report (1999) All our futures: Creativity, culture and education (UK government report) PDF [education for creativity]

Roediger, H. L. & Butler,A.C. (2011) "The critical role of retrieval practice in long-term retention" Trends in Cognitive Sciences vol.15 no.1 2011 pp.20-27 doi:10.1016/j.tics.2010.09.003 [memory and study strategies]

Rosenthal,R. & Jacobson,L. (1968, 1992) Pygmalion in the classroom: Teacher expectation and pupils' intellectual development (Irvington publishers: New York) [Expectations. ]

van Rossem,K. (2006) What is a Socratic Dialogue? [Socratic dialogue. Cf. constructive interaction.]

Rothkopf,E.Z. (1970) "The concept of mathemagenic activities" Review of educ. research vol.40 pp.325-336 [ Defines the word "mathemagenic, but not otherwise important.]

Rowntree,D. (1977) Assessing students: How shall we know them? (Kogan Page: London) Or see: [Assessment: the best book]

Russell, Mark (2008) "Using an electronic voting system to enhance learning and teaching" Engineering Education vol3 no.2 pp.58-65 doi:10.11120/ened.2008.03020058 [Use of 3 "isomorphic" questions, not 1, to test deep learning]

Sadler, D.R. (1989) "Formative assessment and the design of instructional systems" Instructional Science vol.18 pp.119-44 [feedback]

Sadler, D. R. (2010) "Beyond feedback: Developing student capability in complex appraisal" Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education vol.35 no.5 pp.535-550 doi:10.1080/02602930903541015 [feedback]

Salomon,G.(Ed.) (1993) Distributed cognitions: Psychological and educational considerations (New York: Cambridge University Press) [Distributed cognition. Important edited book. In GUL ]

Schön, D.A. (1983) The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action (Temple Smith: London) [ reflection.]

Schull, Natalie Dow (2012) Addiction by Design: Machine Gambling in Las Vegas (Princeton University Press) [Lib: Level 6 Sociology X2195.N2 SCHUL] [Video games: just addiction, or learning-promoting?]

Scoggins,J. & Winter,R. (1999) "The Patchwork Text: a coursework format for education as critical understanding" Teaching in HE vol.4 no.4 pp.485-499 doi:10.1080/1356251990040405 [Patchwork Text]
A special issue of a journal (all the papers in it):   Innovations in education and teaching international (2003) vol.40 no.2 [Patchwork Text]

Sfard,A. (1998) "On Two Metaphors for Learning and the Dangers of Choosing Just One" Educational Researcher Vol.27 No.2 pp.4-13 doi: 10.3102/0013189X027002004 [social. ]

Sfard,A. (2008) Thinking as communicating: human development, the growth of discourses, and mathematizing (CUP) [neo-Vygotskian]

Shayer,M. -- see also under "Adey" for joint papers.

Shayer,M., Küchemann,D.E. and Whylam,H. (1976) British Journal of Educational Psychology vol.46 no.2 pp.164-173 "The distribution of Piagetian stages of thinking in British middle and secondary school children" doi:10.1111/j.2044-8279.1976.tb02308.x

Shayer,M. & Whylam,H. (1978) "The distribution of Piagetian stages of thinking in British middle and secondary school children. II - 14- to 16-year olds and sex differentials" British Journal of Educational Psychology vol.48 no.1 pp.62-70 doi:10.1111/j.2044-8279.1978.tb02370.x

Shayer,M. (1992) "Problems and issues in intervention studies" in Demetriou,A., Shayer,M. & Efklides,A. (eds.) Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development: implications and applications for education ch. 6 pp.107-121 (London : Routledge) GoogleBook

  • GoogleBook v.2 [States briefly the idea of 3 stages of rollout of applied educ.]

    Shayer,M. (2003) "Not just Piaget; not just Vygotsky, and certainly not Vygotsky as alternative to Piaget" Learning and Instruction vol.13 no.? pp.465-485 doi:10.1016/S0959-4752(03)00092-6 [Discusses Piaget vs. Vygotsky]

    Sherif,M. & Sherif,C.W. (1969) Social Psychology (rev. ed.; New York: Harper & Brothers). quick summary [Group bonding FROM joint action. SocPsy]

    Sherin,B.L. (2001) "A Comparison Of Programming Languages And Algebraic Notation As Expressive Languages For Physics" International Journal of Computers for Mathematical Learning vol.6 pp.1-61 doi: 10.3102/0013189X027002004

    Shulman,Lee (2005a) "Pedagogies of uncertainty" Liberal Education vol.91 no.2 pp.18-25 [Signature pedagogy, disciplinary pedagogies]

    Lee S. Shulman. 2005b "Signature Pedagogies in the Professions" Daedalus vol.134 no.3 pp.52-59 [Signature pedagogy, disciplinary pedagogies]

    Sievertsen et al. (2016) "Cognitive fatigue influences students' performance on standardized tests" PANAS (Proc. National Academy of Sciences of the USA) doi:10.1073/pnas.1516947113 [GreenSpace. Time of day effect on tests. Tiny effect size.]

    Smith, Elliott Dunlap (1951) "General Education in Practice" The Journal of Higher Education Vol.22 Issue.7 (October 1951) pp.373-380+400   doi:10.2307/1976883 [Old, but amazing match to best theories today.]

    Smith,M.K., Wood,W.B., Adams,W.K., Wieman,C. Knight,J.K., Guild,N. & Su,T.T. (2009) "Why peer discussion improves student performance on in-class concept questions" Science vol.323 2 Jan. 2009 pp.122-124 doi:10.1126/science.1165919 [Best paper on Mazur's PI learning design / teaching method; EVS. PI. peer discussion. ]

    Snyder, Benson R. (1971) The hidden curriculum (MIT press; Boston, Mass.) [Learner choice of curriculum, Metacognition, reflection. Hidden curriculum. Shallow learning. Do learners only pay attention to assessment?]
    See also the "doceo" site by James Atherton (last updated 2013) on Snyder's idea:

    Staff,C. & Farmer,R. (2019) "Teaching students to write about art: Results of a four-year patchwork text" Art, Design & Communication in HE vol.18 no.2 pp.137-151 doi:10.1386/adch_00003_1

    Svinicki,M.D. (1991) "Theories and Metaphors We Teach By" New Directions for Teaching and Learning vol.- no.45 pp.111-119

    Thill,E.E. & Cury,F. (2000) "Learning to play golf under different goal conditions: their effects on irrelevant thoughts and on subsequent control strategies" European Journal of Social Psychology vol.30 pp.101-122 [Golf, and motivation to learn]

    Tinto,V. (1975) "Dropout from Higher Education: A Theoretical Synthesis of Recent Research" Review of Educational Research vol.45, pp.89-125. See also and [Student dropout, and motivation. social perspectives.]

    Thomas,Douglas & Brown,J.S. (2011) A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change (No publisher: sold by Amazon only) [only about 120 small pages] ISBN 978-1456458881 GU lib. record=b2937259 [social collective learning]

    Tough, Allen [self-management of learning]

    Turkle, Sherry & Papert,S. (1991) "Epistemological Pluralism and the Revaluation of the Concrete" Journal of Mathematical Behavior vol.11 no.1 pp.? [Concrete vs. abstract reasoning.]

    Turkle, Sherry (2007) Evocative objects : things we think with (London: MIT press) GU lib. record=b2868851 [Concrete vs. abstract reasoning.]

    Turkle, Sherry (2008) Falling for science : objects in mind (London: MIT press) GU lib. record=b2868852 [Concrete vs. abstract reasoning.]

    Twigg, Carol:
    Twigg, C.A. (2003) "Improving learning and reducing costs: New models for online learning" Educause review Sept/Oct pp.28-38 [The Twigg paper to start with]
    Set of Carol Twigg papers
    One way into the 30 case studies [technoscepticism. ]

    van Lier, L. (2004) "The Ecology of Language Learning" Paper presented at the UC Language Consortium Conference on Theoretical and Pedagogical Perspectives March 26-28 2004   local copy [The 3 configurations of communication]

    Viennot, L. (1979) "Spontaneous reasoning in elementary dynamics" European Journal of Science Education vol.1 no.2 pp.205-221 doi:10.1080/0140528790010209 [Misconceptions / prior conceptions / spontaneous conceptions]

    Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes (M. Cole, V. John-Steiner, S. Scribner & E. Souberman., Eds.) (A. R. Luria, M. Lopez-Morillas & M. Cole [with J. V. Wertsch], Trans.) Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. (Original manuscripts [ca. 1930-1934])
      *But cite in the text as "Vygotsky (1930-1934/1978)"
    [Vygotsky lived 1896-1934. Actually, bits of the original text was taken from several other authors besides Vygotsky]

    Ware,J.E. & Williams,R.G. (1977) "The Dr. Fox effect: A study of lecturer expressiveness and ratings of instruction" Journal of Medical education vol.5 pp.149-156 [ on Dr. Fox type experiments]

    Ware,J.E. & Williams,R.G. (1980) "A reanalysis of the Doctor Fox experiments" Instructional Evaluation vol.4 pp.15-18 [ on Dr. Fox type experiments. Apparently not in the library]

    Webb, N. M. (1985) "Student interaction and learning in small groups: A research summary" In R. Slavin, S. Sharan, S. Kagan, R. Hertz-Lazarowitz, C. Webb & R. Schmuck (Eds.) "Learning to cooperate, cooperating to learn" (New York: Plenum) ch.6 pp.147-172

    Weber,K. (ed.) (2010) Waiting for superman: How we can same America's failing public schools (New York: Public Affairs) [Importance of teachers]

    wiki page with huge number of references on Peer Tutoring

    Wiliam,Dylan (2006) "Class size reduction" Blog entry [This is like Bloom (1984) in that it has a simple numerical argument about an aspect of education]

    Wiliam,Dylan (2007) Keynote to ALT-C conference [teacher effects]

    Wilkinson,J. (2001) "Designing a new course" in Walker,M. (ed.) Reconstructing professionalism in university teaching: teachers and learners in action (SRHE/Open university press: Buckingham) ch.8 pp.149-169 GU lib. record=b1987469

    Williams,R.G. & Ware,J.E. (1976) "Validity of student ratings of instruction under different incentive conditions: A further study of the Dr. Fox effect" Journal of educational psychology vol.68 pp.48-56 [ on Dr. Fox type experiments]

    Wolfe, Kristin Roenschenthaler (2014) Blogging -- How Our Private Thoughts Went Public [Lib: Level 6 Sociology A296 ROE ] [Journalling. Writing for well-being]

    Wood, D. & Middleton, D. (1975) "A study of assisted problem-solving" British j. of psychology vol.66 no.2 pp.181-191 doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.1975.tb01454.x [Contingent tutoring - description]

    Wood, D., Bruner,J. & Ross, G. (1976) "The role of tutoring in problem solving" Journal of child psychology and psychiatry vol.17 no.2 pp.89-100 doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.1976.tb00381.x [Scaffolding (c-tut)]

    Wood, D., Wood, H. & Middleton, D. (1978) "An experimental evaluation of four face-to-face teaching strategies" Int. j. of behavioral development vol.1 no.2 pp.131-147. doi:10.1177/016502547800100203 [Contingent tutoring, Expt. of 4 strategies]

    Yeager,D.S. & Walton,G.M. (2011) "Social-Psychological Interventions in Education: They're not magic" Review of Educational Research Vol.81 No.2 pp.267-301 doi:10.3102/0034654311405999

    Zingaro,D. (2015) SIGCSE 2015 pp.356-361 doi: 10.1145/2676723.2677239

    Notes on direct URLs to journal papers

    This ACM URL works:

    This ACM URL doesn't work:

    But this one works for same doc as last:

    Notes on timing learning when revising

    [memory, revising, spaced repetition]
  • learning by spaced repetition
  • learning by spaced repetition (wikiP)
  • Wozniak's software to support learning by spaced repetition

    Five or eight deviant thinkers

    There are a handful of researchers whose ideas are to me shockingly different. Obviously this is not an absolute category, but something about me. But I'm listing them here (ref.s to their work are above in the main part of this page) in case you want to get a shock to your usual ways of looking at things to do with education.

  • Sfard (1998)
  • Bales (1950)
  • Hall (1959). A very short book. Divides kinds of meaning into 3 types not normally thought of. How much of even everyday knowledge / skill is learned (often late in life) without us realising this. Implicit knowledge. The shock is that so much of what we learn is not normally even thought of as learned, let alone as "education".
  • Sugata Mitra (various)
  • Dave Cormier and Connectivism: see Bali & Honeychurch (2014). How teachers perhaps should not organise learning at all. Mitra largely thinks this too.
  • Arendt (1954)
  • Gee, James Paul (2003) "What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy" Good for making me rethink a lot about education.
  • US guy

    Five great papers

    Great as in rich, mind-changing, ....

  • Bloom (1984)
  • Sfard (1998)
  • Chi et al. (2008)
  • The three Wood et al. papers on contingent tutoring
  • Etkina (2015)

  • Smith et al. (2009)