24 Feb 2008 ............... Length about 500 words (4,000 bytes).
(Document started on 24 Feb 2008.)
This is a WWW document maintained by
Steve Draper, installed at http://www.psy.gla.ac.uk/~steve/localed/tintonew.html.
You may copy it.
How to refer to it.
Web site logical path:
New thoughts on dropout interventions
Department of Psychology,
University of Glasgow.
Here's some new thinking I'm developing on practical interventions to increase
The inspiration is recent ideas on improving secondary schools, where dropout
appears as disaffection, truanting, but above all as leaving without
qualifications; a reinterpretation of the phrase
and the marked parallel with common practices in companies for reducing
"attrition" i.e. early departure of new employees.
Induction Regard "induction" NOT as something you do
for a day or a week, but as a process that takes at least 90 days.
A sense of fitting in Develop as the overall aim,
giving (new) students a sense of how what they are doing day to day fits into
a wider picture: of how they relate to the university, to staff, to each
other; how studying a module fits into getting a degree; how it fits with
getting a job later.
Note that while clearly consistent with Tinto's notion of integration
it is a significantly different intepretation of it. It is analgous to how
employees need to feel valued, and to how a student needs to have a sensible
story about how what they are doing fits in with their ideas about their life
as a whole: over time, and over areas of life.
PDP This should connect strongly with (a more broadly
defined) PDP (personal development planning; and portfolios).
Feedback (assessment) This should fit with ideas about
feedback: which is a major source of how students can tell how they are
getting on, and whether they belong at all.
Course design and hence with important aspects of the
design of first year courses.
Monitoring It needs to connect to some way of
monitoring students so that those who stop participating in the learning
activities are noticed immediately and can be contacted. (This is both about
a way of collecting data, and of having someone whose business it is to act on
If you are still desperate for things to try, then you could look at this
guru of techniques for retention/dropout:
Web site logical path:
[Top of this page]