Last changed 2 Sept 2014 ............... Length about 900 words (5,000 bytes).
(Document started on 15 Oct 2005.) This is a WWW document maintained by Steve Draper, installed at You may copy it. How to refer to it.

Web site logical path: [] [~steve] [localed] [pal] [this page]

PAL at the University of Glasgow

By Steve Draper,   Department of Psychology,   University of Glasgow.

This page is my pointers to PAL at the University of Glasgow.

2014 update

The most interesting PAL, or post-PAL, work at GU nowadays may possibly be that with facebook groups set up by staff to serve the function of PAL. Contact Sarah Honeychurch or Shazia Ahmed for this.


  • Getting pupils to teach each other goes back at least to Andrew Bell in the eighteenth century.
  • Our scheme derives more directly from an approach developed in the USA under the name of Supplemental Instruction in 1973, and now offered at about 60% of (research-oriented) US universities.
  • It was introduced into the UK at Kingston University in 1990 in modified form as PAL.
  • In 2002-3, the Student Network introduced it to Glasgow University for a course in Computing Science, supported by a grant from the Chancellor's fund.

    Current schemes at Glasgow

    The list below was last roughly updated in 2007 and is now out of date; but PAL is still important in some subjects.
    See also:

    My (out of date since 2007) list

    Web site logical path: [] [~steve] [localed] [pal] [this page]
    [Top of this page]