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Ad hoc bibliography on EVS

By Steve Draper,   Department of Psychology,   University of Glasgow.

This page is an ad hoc bibliography of papers about EVS. I expect to paste in lists of references I come across without checking them: you use these at your own risk, but they could be a useful starting point. Please send in suggestions: great papers, useful papers, papers you have written, corrections to entries already here. Attached word documents or HTML is preferred (or I may not do the formatting). I will probably only include either published journal articles and books or reports on the web; and I may exclude anything without explanation.

A very few I have starred '**'. I think these are worth special attention.

See also Will Thalheimer's annotated bibliography. While mine is an uncritical heap to use as a starting point, his selects often cited ones AND provides some critical appraisal.

ABRAHAMSON, A.L. (1998) An Overview of Teaching and Learning Research with Classroom Communication Systems. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Teaching of Mathematics, Samos, Greece.

ANDERSON, T., HOWE, C., SODEN. R., HALLIDAY, J. & LOW, J. (2001). Peer interaction and the learning of critical thinking skills in further education students. Instructional Science, 29, 1-32.

Angelo, T.A., and K.P. Cross (1993). Minute Paper. In Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for College Teachers, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 148-153.

Annett, D. (1969): Feedback and Human Behaviour. New York, Penguin.

** Banks,D.A. (ed.) (2006) Audience response systems in higher education: Applications and cases (Information Science Publishing)

Barak, M., Lipson, A., & Lerman, S. (2006). Wireless laptops as means for promoting active learning in large lecture halls. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 38(3), 245-263.

Beatty, I. D., Gerace, W. J., Leonard, W. J., & Dufresne, R. J. (2006). Designing effective questions for classroom response system teaching. American Journal of Physics, 74(1), 31-39.

N Beatty, I.D., Gerace, W.J., Leonard, W.KJ., Dufresne, R.J., Am. J. Phys xxx xxxx (2006)

Bjork, R. A., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (1989). On the puzzling relationship between environmental context and human memory. In C. Izawa (Ed.) Current Issues in Cognitive Processes: The Tulane Floweree Symposium on Cognition (pp. 313-344). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bligh, D. (2000), What’s the use of lectures? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bloom’s Taxonomy :

Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, the Classification of Educational Goals — Handbook I: Cognitive Domain New York: McKay.

Boyle, J.T. & Nicol, D.J. (2003) "Using classroom communication systems to support interaction and discussion in large class settings" Association for Learning Technology Journal vol.11 no.3 pp.43-57

Bransford J. , Brophy S., Williams S. (2000) "When Computer Technologies Meet the Learning Sciences - Issues and Opportunities" Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology Volume 21, Number 1, January 2000, pp. 59-84

Bransford, J. D., Brown, A. L., & Cocking, R. R. (1999). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience, and school. Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press.

Brookfield, S. D. (1995), Becoming a critically reflective teacher, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brown, J.S., Collins, A. & Duguid, P. (1989). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher. 18, 32-42.

Brumby, M.N. (1984), ‘Misconceptions about the concept of natural selection by medical biology students’, Science Education, 68(4), 493-503.

Bruner, J. (1985), ‘Vygotsky: a historical and conceptual perspective’ in Wertsch, J.V. (ed), Culture, communication and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Burnstein, R. A. & Lederman, L. M. (2001). Using wireless keypads in lecture classes. The Physics Teacher, vol.39 no.1 pp.8-11.

N CAL-laborate, UniServe Science International Newsletter, 14 (2005) available online

Carnaghan, C., & Webb, A. (2005). Investigating the effects of group response systems on learning outcomes and satisfaction in accounting education. Downloaded January 2007 from .

Carnaghan, C., & Webb, A. (2005). Investigating the effects of group response systems on learning outcomes and satisfaction in accounting education. Retrieved on January 1, 2007 from responsepad_june20051.pdf

Champagne, A. B., Klopfer, L. E. and Anderson, J. H. (1980). Factors influencing the learning of classical mechanics. American Journal of Physics, 48, 1074-1079.

Chickering, Arthur W. and Gamson, Zelda F, Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education -

Christianson, R. G. & Fisher, K. M. (1999). Comparison of student learning about diffusion and osmosis in constructivist and traditional classrooms. International Journal of Science Education, 21, 687-698.

Cohen, E.G. (1994), ‘Restructuring the classroom: Conditions for productive small groups’, Review of Educational Research, 64(1), 3-35.

Comlekci, T., Boyle, J.T., King, W., Dempster, W., Lee, C.K., Hamilton, R. and Wheel, M.A. (1999), ‘New approaches in mechanical engineering education at the University of Strathclyde in Scotland: I — Use of Technology for interactive teaching’, in Saglamer, G.(ed), Engineering Education in the Third Millenium, Leuchtturm- Verlag.

Cristle, C. A., & Schuster, J. W. (2003). The effects of using response cards on student participation, academic achievement, and on-task behavior during whole-class math instruction. Journal of Behavioral Education, 12(3), 147-165.

Crombie, W. J. (2006). Harvard launches wireless classroom. Harvard University Gazette (February 23, 2006), Downloaded February 2007 from .

** Crouch, C.H. and Mazur, E. (2001), ‘Peer Instruction: Ten years of experience and results’, American Journal of Physics, 69, 970-977

Crouch,C., A. Fagen, P. Callan & E. Mazur (2004) "Classroom demonstrations: learning tools or entertainment" Am. J. Physics vol.72 no.6 pp.835-838

Cutts,Q. Carbone,A., & van Haaster,K. (2004) "Using an Electronic Voting System to Promote Active Reflection on Coursework Feedback" To appear in Proc. of the Intnl. Conf. on Computers in Education 2004, Melbourne, Australia, Nov. 30th — Dec 3rd 2004.

Cutts,Q. Kennedy,G., Mitchell,C., & Draper,S.W. (2004) "Maximising dialogue in lectures using group response systems" Accepted for 7th IASTED Internat. Conf. on Computers and Advanced Technology in Education, Hawaii, 16-18th August 2004

Cutts,Q.I. & Kennedy, G.E. (2005) "Connecting Learning Environments Using Electronic Voting Systems" Seventh Australasian Computer Education Conference, Newcastle, Australia. Conferences in Research and Practice in Information Technology, Vol 42, Alison Young and Denise Tolhurst (Eds)

Cutts,Q.I. & Kennedy,G.E. (2005) "The association between students’ use of an electronic voting system and their learning outcomes" Journal of Computer Assisted learning vol.21 pp.260–268

Davies, G. (1986). Context effects in episodic memory: A review. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 6, 157-174.

DeCorte, E. (1996), ‘New perspectives on learning and teaching in higher education’, in Burgen, A. (ed.), Goals and purposes of higher education, London: Jessica Kingsley.

DOISE, W & MUGNY, G. (1984). The social development of the intellect. Oxford: Pergamon.

Dori, Y. J., & Belcher (2005). How does technology-enabled active learning affect undergraduate students’ understanding of electromagnetism concepts? The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 14(2), 243-279.

Draper, S. W., Cargill, J. and Cutts, Q. (2002). Electronically enhanced classroom interaction. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 18, 13-23.

Draper, S.W. (1998) "Niche-based success in CAL" Computers and Education vol.30, pp.5-8

Draper,S.W. & Brown,M.I. (2004) "Increasing interactivity in lectures using an electronic voting system" Journal of Computer Assisted Learning vol.20 pp.81-94

Draper,S.W., Brown, M.I., Henderson,F.P. & McAteer,E. (1996) "Integrative evaluation: an emerging role for classroom studies of CAL" Computers and Education vol.26 no.1-3, pp.17-32

Draper,S.W., Cargill,J., & Cutts,Q. (2002) Electronically enhanced classroom interaction Australian journal of educational technology vol.18 no.1 pp.13-23. [This paper gives the arguments for interaction, and how EVS might be a worthwhile support for that.]

Druckman, D., & Bjork, R. A. (1994). Learning, remembering, believing: Enhancing human performance. Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press.

** Dufresne, R.J., Gerace, W.J., Leonard, W.J., Mestre, J.P., & Wenk, L. (1996) Classtalk: A Classroom Communication System for Active Learning Journal of Computing in Higher Education vol.7 pp.3-47

Duncan, D. (2005). Clickers in the classroom: How to enhance science teaching using classroom response systems. San Francisco: Addison Wesley.

Duncan, D. (2005). Clickers in the classroom: How to enhance science teaching using classroom response systems. San Francisco: Addison-Wesley.

Eich, J. E. (1980). The cue dependent nature of state dependent retrieval. Memory and Cognition, 8, 157-173.

Educational Technologies at Missouri, University of Missouri, Introducing Student Response Systems at MU

Edwards, H., Smith, B.A. and Webb, G. (2001), Lecturing: Case studies, experience and practice, London: Kogan Page.

N El Rady, J., Innovate, 2(4) 2006. Available online at

Elliott, C. (2003) Using a personal response system in economics teaching. International Review of Economics Education. Accessed 11 Nov 2004

Elliott,C. (2001) "Case Study: Economics Lectures Using a Personal Response System"

Fjermestad, J., & Hiltz, S. R. (2001). Group support systems: A descriptive evaluation of case and field studies. Journal of Management Information Systems (JMIS) vol.17 no.3 pp.115-160

Frey, Barbara A. and Wilson, Daniel H. (2004) Student Response Systems, Teaching, Learning, and Technology: Low Threshold Applications -

Gardner, R., Heward, W. L., & Grossi, T. A. (1994). Effects of response cards on student participation and academic achievement: A systematic replication with inner-city students during whole-class science instruction. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27, 63-71.

Glaser, R. (1990), ‘The re-emergence of learning theory within instructional research’, American Psychologist, 45(1), 29-39.

Godden, D. R., and Baddeley, A. D. (1975). Context dependency in two natural environments: on land and underwater. British Journal of Psychology, 91, 99-104.

Good, T. L., & Brophy, J. E. (2002). Looking in classrooms (9th edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Guthrie, R. W., & Carlin, A. (2004). Using technology to engage passive listeners. The International Principal, vol.8 no.2

N Hake, R. Conservation Ecology, 5, 28 (2002)

** Hake, R. R. (1998). Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: A six-thousand student survey of mechanics data for introductory physics courses. American Journal of Physics, 66, 64-74.

N Hake, R.R. Am. J. Phys. 66, 64-72 (1998)

Hake,R.R. (1991) "My Conversion To The Arons-Advocated Method Of Science Education" Teaching Education vol.3 no.2 pp.109-111 online pdf copy

Halloun, I.A. and Hestenes, D. (1985), ‘The initial knowledge state of college physics students’, American Journal of Physics, 53, 1043-1055.

Hansen, E. J. (1998). Creating teachable moments…and making them last. Innovative Higher Education, 23(1), 7-26. Horowitz,H.M. (1988) "Student Response Systems: Interactivity in the Classroom Environment" IBM Learning Research

N Hestenes, D. Am. J. Phys., vol.66, 465-7 (1998)

N Hestenes, D. and Wells, M. Phys. Teach. 30, 141-158 (1992)

N Hestenes, D., Wells, M., Swackhamer, G. Phys. Teach. 30, 159-166 (1992)

Horowitz,H.M. (2003) "Adding more power to powerpoint using audience response technology"

Horowitz. H. M. (1998). Student response systems: Interactivity in a classroom environment. Proceedings of Sixth Annual Conference on Interactive Instruction Delivery. Society for Applied Learning Technology, 8-15. This article has been updated in 2003 with a new title, Adding more power to PowerPoint using audience response technology, available at:

Howe, C. J. (1991) "Explanatory concepts in physics: towards a principled evaluation of teaching materials" Computers and Education vol.17 no.1 pp.73-80

Hunt, D. (1982) "Effects of human self-assessment responding on learning" Journal of Applied Psychology vol.67 pp.75-82.

Inverno, R. "Making Lectures Interactive", MSOR Connections Feb 2003, Vol.3, No.1 pp.18-19

Irving,A., M. Read, A. Hunt & S. Knight (2000) Use of information technology in exam revision Proc. 4th International CAA Conference Loughborough, UK

N Joe Redish at See the collection of Peer Instruction questions maintained by

Judson, E., & Sawada, D. (2006). Audience response systems: Insipid contrivances or inspiring tools? In David A. Banks (Ed.) Audience Response Systems in HigherEducation: Applications and Cases (pp. 26-39).

Kearney, M. (2002). Description of Predict-observe-explain strategy supported by the use of multimedia. Retrieved April 8, 2004, from Learning Designs Web site:

Kellum, K. K., Carr, J. E., & Dozier, C. L. (2001). Response-card instruction and student learning in a college classroom. Teaching of Psychology, 28(2), 101-104.

Klaas and Baggely, 2003 The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning,†Vol 4, No 2 (2003), † ISSN: 1492-3831 Accessed online 26th September 2007 at:

Kohn, A. (1999). Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A's, praise, and other bribes. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Kolb, D. A. (1984): Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall.

Kolikant, Y., McKenna, A., & Yalvac, B. (2005) "Using the personal response system as a cultural bridge from silent absorption to active participation" in Kommers, P., & Richards, G. (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2005 (pp. 2660-2667) Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Kourilsky, M. L., & Wittrock, M. C. (1992). Generative teaching: An enhancement strategy for the learning of economics in cooperative groups. American Educational Research Journal, 29, 861-876.

Langer, E. J. (1997). The power of mindful learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Langer, E. J. (2001). Mindful Learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 220-223.

Laurillard, D. (1993), Rethinking university teaching, London: Routledge.

LAVE, J & WENGER, E (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Ledlow, Susan, 2001, Center for Learning and Teaching Excellence

Liu, T. C., Liang, J. K., Wang, H. Y., Chan, T. W., & Wei, L. H. (2003). Embedding EduClick in Classroom to Enhance Interaction. In Proceedings of International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE) pp.117-125.

Liu, Y. (2003). Developing a scale to measure the interactivity of websites. Journal of Advertising Research vol.43 no.2 pp.207-218.

MacGregor, J., Cooper, J.L., Smith, K.A. and Robinson, P. (2000), Strategies for energizing large classes: From small groups to learning communities, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

MacManaway,M.A. (1968) "Using lecture scripts" Universities Quarterly vol.22 no.June pp.327-336

MacManaway,M.A. (1970) "Teaching methods in HE -- innovation and research" Universities Quarterly vol.24 no.3 pp.321-329

Marmolejo, E. K., Wilder, D. A., & Bradley, L. (2004). A preliminary analysis of the effects of response cards on student performance and participation in an upper division university course. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 37, 405-410.

Marton, F., and Säljö, R. (1976). On qualitative differences in learning: I — outcome and process. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 46,4-11.

Matthews, R.S. (1996), ‘Collaborative Learning: creating knowledge with students’, in Menges, M., Weimer, M. and Associates. Teaching on solid ground, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass,

Mayer, R. E., Heiser, J., & Lonn, S. (2001). Cognitive constraints on multimedia learning: When presenting more material results in less understanding. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 187-198.

Mayes, T. (2001), ‘Learning technology and learning relationships’, in J. Stephenson (ed), Teaching and learning online, London: Kogan Page.

Mazur, E. (1997). Peer Instruction: A User’s Manual. Upper Saddle River, NJ:Prentice-Hall.

McBeath, R. J. ed. (1992) Instructing and Evaluating Higher Education: A Guidebook for Planning Learning Outcomes. New Jersey: ETP.

McCabe et al. (2001) The Integration of Group Response Systems into Teaching, 5 th International CAA Conference,

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Moreno, R., & Mayer, R. E. (2000). A coherence effect in multimedia learning: The case for minimizing irrelevant sounds in the design of multimedia instructional messages. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92, 117-125.

Narayan, J. S., Heward, W. L., Gardner, R., Courson, F. H., & Omness, C. K. (1990). Using response cards to increase student participation in an elementary classroom. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 23, 483-490.

Nicol, D. J. & Boyle, J. T. (2003) "Peer Instruction versus Class-wide Discussion in large classes: a comparison of two interaction methods in the wired classroom" Studies in Higher Education vol.28 no.4 pp.457-473

Novak,G.M., Gavrin,A.D., Christian,W. & Patterson,E.T. (1999) Just-in-time teaching: Blending Active Learning and Web Technology (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice- Hall)

Novak,G.M., Gavrin,A.D., Christian,W. & Patterson,E.T. (1999) Just in Time Teaching (visited 20 Feb 2005)

Palinscar, A.S. (1998), "Social constructivist perspectives on teaching and learning", Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 345-375. To be published in: Association for Learning Technology Journal (ALT-J), 2003, 11(3), 43-57.

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Paschal, C. B. (2002). Formative assessment in physiology teaching using a wireless classroom communication system. Advances in Physiology Education, 26(4), 299-308.

Philipp, Sven and Schmidt, Hilary (2004) Optimizing learning and retention through interactive lecturing: Using the Audience Response System (ARS) at CUMC,

Pickford, R. and Clothier, H. (2003) "Ask the Audience: A simple teaching method to improve the learning experince in large lectures", Proceedings of the Teaching, Learning and Assessment in Databases conference, LTSN ICS.

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