|Student in position A
|Student in position B
|Student in position C
|Realises that some responsibility rests with the student. But what? And how?
|Sees student as source of knowledge or is confident of finding it. Debater, making own decisions. Wants to explore contexts; seeks interconnections.
|Authority, giving facts and know-how
|Authority, where there are controversies, wants guidance as to which the lecturer favours.
|One authority among others. Values views of peers. Teacher as facilitator or gateway.
|View of knowledge
|Factual; black and white; clear objectives; non-controversial; exceptions unwelcome.
|Admits 'black-and-white' approach not always appropriate. Sees no way to choose between alternative views. Feels insecure with these uncertainties.
|A matter of competing views or theories, with different supports. Evidence, not just conclusions, an important part of knowledge. Enjoys creativity, scholarly work.
|View of exams
|Regurgitation of 'facts'. Exams are objective. Hard work will be rewarded.
|Quantity is more important than quality in demonstrating maximum knowledge.
|Quality is more important than quantity. Wants room to express own ideas, views.
|Student confidence depends upon:
|Little confidence, high uncertainty.
|The student her/himself