The cognitive neuroscience of episodic memory: a functional neuroimaging perspective
It has long been argued that encoding and retrieval operations in episodic memory are strongly interdependent. I will describe a model incorporating this idea that generates predictions that can be tested using functional neuroimaging methods in healthy humans, and then describe findings that are in accord with these predictions. In brief, our findings indicate that the neural correlates of successful encoding vary according to how retrieval is cued, and that the neural correlates of retrieval are modulated by how items are encoded. Thus, encoding and retrieval should not be viewed as separate stages of memory that can be investigated in isolation from one another.