Phonological coding in word perception and reading
The role of phonological coding in reading and word perception has remained a source of great controversy over the years. However, there is growing body of data indicating that phonological coding enters early and decisively in processing of words, both in isolation and in reading text. These data come from a variety of sources, including (a) priming of word identification by homophones and by homophones of semantic associates, (b) phonological previews of homophones in reading, (c) phonological "fast priming" in reading, (d) and a variety of phonological effects in semantic judgment tasks (e.g., "van Orden effects"). Moreover, many of these effects are not restricted to alphabetic languages, indicating that early recruitment of phonological codes is a fairly universal aspect of word identification in reading.