Autism Journal Club

Brain Complexity in Children with Mild and Severe Autism Spectrum Disorders: Analysis of Multiscale Entropy in EEG

Yu Wei Chua from the University of Strathclyde will be presenting the following paper. Zoom details: 812-298-9629 Abstract: Multiscale entropy (MSE) model quantifies the complexity of brain functions by measuring the entropy across multiple time-scales. Although MSE model has been applied in children with Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in previous studies, they were limited to distinguish children with ASD from those normally developed without corresponding severity level of their autistic features. Therefore, we aims to explore and to identify the MSE features and patterns in children with mild and severe ASD by using a high dense 64-channel array EEG system. This study is a cross-sectional study, where 36 children with ASD were recruited and classified into two groups: mild and severe ASD (18 children in each). Three calculated outcomes identified brain complexity of mild and severe ASD groups: averaged MSE values, MSE topographical cortical representation, and MSE curve plotting. Averaged MSE values of children with mild ASD were higher than averaged MSE value in children with severe ASD in right frontal (0.37 vs. 0.22, respectively, p = 0.022), right parietal (0.31 vs. 0.13, respectively, p = 0.017), left parietal (0.37 vs. 0.17, respectively, p = 0.018), and central cortical area (0.36 vs. 0.21, respectively, p = 0.026). In addition, children with mild ASD showed a clear and more increase in sample entropy values over increasing values of scale factors than children with severe ASD. Obtained data showed different brain complexity (MSE) features, values and topographical representations in children with mild ASD compared with those with severe ASD. As a result of this, MSE could serve as a sensitive method for identifying the severity level of ASD.